- Masutatsu Oyama ( 山 倍 達 達 O yama Masutatsu , born Choi Yeong-eui ( Hangul : 최영의 Hanja : 崔永宜); more commonly known as Mas Oyama, what a karate master who founded Kyokushin Karate , Followed the first and most influential style of full contact karate . A Zainichi Korean , he spent most of his life living in Japan and acquired Japanese citizenship in 1964. He was at alumnus of Waseda University.
Oyama was born as Choi Young-Eui ( 최영의 ) in Gimje , South Korea , during Japanese occupation . At home in Manchuria , Northeast China. Oyama began studying Chinese martial arts at age 8 from a Chinese farmer who was working on the farm. His family name was Li and Oyama. The story of the young Oyama's life is written in his earlier books.
In March 1938, Oyama left for Japan Following his brother who enrolled in the Yamanashi Aviation School Imperial Japanese Army aviation school.Sometime during his time in Japan, Choi Young-Eui chose his Japanese name, Mas Oyama ( 大山倍達 ), All which is A transliteration of 'Baedal' ( 達 達 ). , Baedal 'what an ancient Korean kingdom known in Japan during Oyama's time as "Ancient Joseon".
In 1945, after the war ended, Oyama left the aviation school. He started "Eiwa Karate Research Center" in Suginami but it was closed for now "I soon realized that I was an unwanted Korean. Nobody would rent me a room. "He finally found a place to live in Tokyo . This is the place where you are going to be a dormitory for university students.
In 1946, Oyama enrolled in Waseda University School of Education to study sports science.
Wanting the best in instruction, he contacted the Shotokan dojo (karate school) operated by Gigo Funakoshi , the second son of karate master and Shotokan founder Gichin Funakoshi . He became a student, and began his lifelong career in Karate. Feeling like a foreigner in a strange country.
Oyama attended Takushoku University in Tokyo and what is accepted as a student at the dojo of Gichin Funakoshi . He trained with Funakoshi for two years, then of studied Goju-ryu karate for several years with Sun Nei Chu (조영주, 1907-), a senior student of the system's founder, Miyagi . So what a fellow Korean from Oyama's native province.
Korea had been officially annexed by Japan since 1910. During World War II (1939-1945), there was much unrest in Korea. As South Korea began to fight against North Korea overpower ideology, Oyama became increasingly distressed. He recounts, "though I was born and bred in Korea, I had unconsciously made myself liberal; I felt repulsion against the strong feudal system of my fatherland, and that was one of the reasons which made me run away from home to Japan. He joined a Korean political organization in Japan to strive for the unification of Korea, but soon what is targeted and harassed by the Japanese police. He then consulted with Mr. So.
Around the time we went went to Tokyo. He later reminisced in a television interview, "Itsumitemo Haran Banjyo" (Nihon Television), "I lost many friends during the war - the very morning of their departure as Kamikaze pilots empty. After the war ended, I was angry so I fought as many US military as I could, until my portrait was all over the police station. "At this time, Mr. So suggested that Oyama retreat to a lone mountain for solace to train His mind and body. He set out to spend three years on Mt. Minobu in Yamanashi Prefecture , Japan . Oyama built a shack on the side of the mountain. One of his students named Yashiro followed him, but after the rigors of this isolated training, with no modern conveniences, the student snuck away one night, and left Oyama alone. With only monthly visits from a friend in the town of Tateyama in Chiba Prefecture , the loneliness and harsh training became grueling. Oyama began to doubt his decision, so he sent a letter to the man who suggested the retreat. Mr. So replied with encouragement, and suggested that he would not be tempted to come out of the mountain. Oyama stayed on the mountain for fourteen months, and returned to Tokyo a much stronger and fiercer Karateka.
Oyama gave great credit to reading The Book of Five Rings by Miyamoto Musashi , a famous Japanese swordsman, to change his life completely. He recounts this book as his only reading material during his mountain training years.
He was forced to leave his mountain retreat after his sponsorship. After that, he was the first time in the history of the martial arts championship, and he was the first to be in the world In Chiba Prefecture, Japan and he trained there for 18 months
One story of Oyama's youth involves. When it sprouted, he what to jump over it one hundred times every day. "The writer, Ikki Kajiwara, and the publisher of the comics based on the story of the life experience." Oyama spoke to them About- thus the title became "Karate Baka Ichidai" (Karate Fanatic).
In 1963, Oyama wrote "What is Karate". It is still used by many to be the "Bible of Karate" to this day. It was in German, French, and English.
In 1953, Oyama opened his own karate dojo , named Oyama Dojo, in Tokyo, Japan, and the world gave martial arts demonstrations, including the fighting and killing of live bulls with his bare hands (sometimes grabbing them by the horn, and Snapping the horn off). The senior instructors under his hands were K. Mizushima, E. Yasuda, M. ishibashi, and T. Minamimoto. Oyama's own curriculum soon developed a strong, hard, hard-hitting but functional style which was finally named Kyokushin , which means, the ultimate truth, "in a ceremony in 1957. He also developed a reputation for being, rough 'with His students, as the training sessions were. This is the best way to get the most out of your life. Kyokushin's trademark. Oyama believed in the practical application of karate and declares that ignoring. As the reputation of the dojo grew students were attracted to Japan and the number of students grew. Many of the eventual senior leaders of today's various Kyokushin based organizations began training in the style of this time. In 1964 Oyama moved the dojo into the building. In connection with this he also formally founded the "International Karate Organization Kyokushin kaikan" (commonly abbreviated to IKO or IKOK).
In 1969, Oyama staged the first All-Japan full-contact Karate Open Championships which took Japan by storm and Terutomo Yamazaki became the first champion, which had been held every year since. In 1975, the first World Karate Open Championships were held in Tokyo. World championships have been held at four-yearly intervals since. After formally establishing Kyokushin-kai, Oyama. Oyama and his staff of hand-picked instructors show great skills in marketing the style and gaining new members [ citation needed ] . Oyama would like to be an instructor in Japan, whereupon the instructor would move to the town, and, Many judo students would practice), a local park, or conduct martial arts demonstrations at local festivals or school events. In this way, the instructor would soon gain a few students for his new dojo. After that, word of mouth would spread through the local area until the dojo had a dedicated core of students. Oyama also sent to the United States , the Netherlands , England , Australia and Brazil to spread Kyokushin in the same way. Oyama Kyokushin therefore promoted by holding The All-Japan Full Contact Karate Open Championships every year and World Full Contact Karate Open Championships once every four years in Which Could anyone enter from any style.
An early start
So Nei Chu
Bulls, Challengers and the Godhand
The beginning of the Kyokushin
Mas Oyama's brief history
Shihan [José A. Millán] Kyokushin VIP
José Millán, Vice-Chairman Kyokushin-kan International Committee
At the time José Millán began his practice of Kyokushin Karate under Sosai Mas Oyama in April of 1963 at "Oyama Dojo" as a contemporary of Kyokushin-kan Chairman, Hatsuo Royama, he had already practiced Judo in his native Spain and what a successful Judo player while in university. After practicing at Oyama Dojo and his return to Spain for the first time in the summer of 1966, he became the first person to hold a black belt in karate in that country. Unfortunately, this is the first time I've read this book.
When the King and the Queen of Spain came to Japan in 1972, Mas Oyama organized a karate demonstration and a group of Kyokushin karateka, including Millán, performed in a two-hour demonstration. The King enjoyed the demonstration so much that he asked to see more and once the demonstration was finally over he congratulated each participant one by one.
Until 2001, Millán participated as a referee or judge in every one of the All Japan Tournaments and every World Open Karate Tournament, appointed to this honor since the very beginning by Mas Oyama himself. Age Sosai's death, Millan became an advisor to the Kyokushinkaikan Honbu, a position that he held until Hatsuo Royama established Kyokushin-kan. This establishment, Millán realized, would have met with the approval of his original teacher, Mas Oyama. Millan's two daughters have also been in his footsteps by training for many years in Japan under Kyokushshin-kan Vice Chairman, Tsuyoshi Hiroshige.
José Millán is Professor Emeritus at Yokohama's Kanagawa University in Japan, making him the only foreigner to hold this honor. He has been a professor at this university ever since 1964. In 1998, Millán was decorated Knight Commander of the Civil Merit Order by Juan Carlos I, King of Spain.
An early start
Masutatsu (Mas) Oyama was born Yong I-Choi on July 27, 1923, in a village not far from Gunsan in South Korea. At a relatively young age he was sent to Manchuria, in southern China to live on his sister's farm. At the age of nine years he began studying the South Chinese form of Kempo called eighteen hands by a Mr. Yi, who was at the time of work at the court. When Oyama returned to Korea at the age of 12 years, he continued his education in the Korean Kempo.
In 1938, at the age of 15, he traveled to Japan to train as an aviator, as his hero of the time, become Korea's first Jagdflieger. Survival on his own at this age proved to be more difficult than he thought, especially since a Korean in Japan, and the pilot training remained on the line.
He has, however, continued training the martial arts, by participating in judo and boxing, and one day he noticed some student training in Okinawa karate. This interested him very much, and he went to the dojo of Gichin Funakoshi at Takushoku University, where he learned what is known today as CyberDojo Homepages.
His education was such that progress at the age of seventeen he was already a 2nd Dan, and by the time he entered the Imperial Japanese Army at 20, he was a quarter dan. At this time he also took a serious interest in Judo, and his progress was no less astonishing. At the time he had finished training in Judo.
So Nei Chu
The defeat of Japan and the subsequent humiliation profession almost proved to be too much for Mas Oyama, the almost desperate. Fortunately for all of us, So Nei Chu entered his life at this time. Master So another Korean (from Oyama's own province) was living in Japan, one of the highest authorities on Goju Ryu in Japan at the time. He was known for his physical and mental strength. He was encouraged to Mas Oyama, devote his life to the Martial Way. He was also that Oyama should be encouraged to withdraw from the rest of the world for 3 years while training his body and mind.
When he was 23 years old, Mas Oyama met Eiji Yoshikawa, author of the Musashi novel, based on the lives and exploits of the most famous Samurai of Japan. Both the novel and the author helped to teach Mas Oyama about the samurai bushido code and what it meant. In the same year, Oyama went to Mt. Minobu in Chiba Prefecture, where Musashi had developed his Nito-Ryu style swordfight. Oyama thought that this was a suitable place to begin the hardships of training that he had planned for himself. Among the things he carried with him was a copy of Yoshikawa's book. A student named Yashiro also came with him.
The relative loneliness was strongly felt, and after 6 months, Yashiro secretly fled during the night. It became even harder for Oyama, who wanted more than ever to return to civilization. So Nei Chu wrote to him that he should shave an eyebrow to get rid of the urge. Certainly he would not want anyone to see him around! These and other more moving words convinced Oyama to continue, and he decided to become the most powerful karate-ka in Japan.
Soon, however, his sponsor told him that he was no longer able to support him so, after fourteen months he had to end his loneliness.
A few months later, in 1947, Mas Oyama Karate won the section of the first Japanese National Martial Arts Championships after the Second World War. However, he still believed empty for not finished under the first three years of solitude. Then he decided to dedicate his life to Karate-do. So he started again, this time on the mountain. Kiyozumi, also in the Chiba Prefecture. This site he chose for his spiritually uplifting environment.
This time his training was fanatical - 12 hours a day every day without rest days, standing under (cold) buffeting waterfalls, breaking stones from the river with his hands, using trees as makiwara, jumping over fast-growing plants flax hundreds of times a day. Each day also included a time of studying the ancient classics on martial arts, zen and philosophy.
After eighteen months he came down fully convinced of himself, and able to take control of his life. Never again would he be so strongly influenced by his society around him. (Although it was probably safe to say that his circumstances were also probably never again as a dream!)
Bulls, Challengers and the Godhands
In 1950, Sosai (founder) Mas Oyama began testing (and demonstrating) his power by fighting bulls. In all, he fought 52 bulls, three of which were immediately killed, and 49 had hit their horns off with knife hand strokes. That it was not to say it was so easy for him. Oyama was reminded that his first attempt led only an angry bull. In 1957, at the age of 34, he was almost killed in Mexico, when a bull lost some of his own back and impaled him. Oyama somehow managed to pull the bull off and break into his horn. He was tied to the bed for six months while recovering from the usually deadly wound. Today, of course, the animal rights groups would have something to say about these demonstrations, despite the fact that the animals were already all intended for slaughter.
In 1952 he traveled the US for a year, showing his karate live and on national television. In the following years, he participated in all the challengers who were fighting in with 270 different people. The overwhelming majority of them were defeated at once! A fight never lasted longer than three minutes, and most rarely lasted more than a few seconds. His fighting principle was simple - if he could get through it that it was.
If he hit you, you broke.
If you locked a rib punch, you arm was broken or sprained. If you did not block, your rib was broken. He became known as the Godhand, a living revelation of Japanese warriors "Maxim Ichi Geki, Hissatsu or" One strike, the sure death. "For him this was the true goal of the technique in Karate. The footwork and complicated techniques were secondary (although he was also known for the power of the head).
It was during one of his visits to the United States that Mas Oyama Sandulescu Jacques, a large (190 cm and 190 kg muscle), the Romanian prisoners were met by the Red Army at the age of 16 years and sent to the coal mines as a forced laborer For two years. They became quick friends and so remained for the rest of the life Oyama and Jacques still trains and acts as an adviser to the IKO (1) to 2002, since 2002 consultants of the Kancho Royama Kyokushinkan. You can read a brief biography of his on this site or read his autobiography at http://donbas.com.
In 1953 Mas Oyama opened his first "Dojo", a lot of grass in Mejiro in Tokyo. In 1956, the first real Dojo was opened in a former ballet studio behind Rikkyo University, 500 meters from the location of the current Japanese Honbu Dojo (headquarters). By 1957 there were 700 members, despite the high drop-out rate due to the hardness of the training.
People from other stylistic settings came here, too, for the JIS-sen Kumite (full contact battles). One of the original instructors, Kenji Kato, has said they would watch from other styles, meet the techniques, "would be good in a real fight". This was how Mas Oyama developed Karate's. He took techniques from all martial arts, and did not limit himself to karate alone.
The Oyama Dojo took their members cumite seriously, as it is primarily considered a martial arts, so they may be beaten and beaten. With few restrictions, attacking the tip was common, usually wrapped with the palm of heel or towel ankle. Grabs, litters, attacks and the groin were also common. Kumite's rounds would be conceded until a person continued loudly the defeat. Injured on a daily basis, and the drop-out rate was high (over 90%). They had no official do-gi and wore what they had.
In 1952 Mas Oyama gave a demonstration in Hawaii. A young Bobby Lowe saw him and was dazed by the power of Oyama. It was not that Bobby Lowe was inexperienced in the fighting arts. Although still very young, his previous achievements were not much less than that of Mas Oyama himself. His father had been a Kung Fu teacher, and he had taken in every martial art he could find. At 23 years he was in yondan Judo, Kempo in Nidan, Shodan in Aikido, and a highly respected boxer.
It was not long before Bobby Lowe was the first Kyokushin uchi deshi or "live-in student" of Mas Oyama's. He trained daily with Mas Oyama for one and a half years. Finally, a Uchi Deshi time "1000 days for the beginning". This uchi deshi was known as Wakajishi, or the "Young Lions" by Mas Oyama and only a few of the hundreds of applicants were selected each year for the privilege of training full-time within the Masters.
In 1957, Bobby Lowe returned to Hawaii to open the first school of Oyama outside Japan.
The beginning of the Kyokushin
The current World Headquarters were officially adopted in June 1964, where the name Kyokushin, which was "The Last Truth" was opened. In the same year, the International Karate Organization (IKO) was established. As a result, Kyokushin has spread to more than 120 countries and registered members exceed 10 million, making it one of the world's largest martial arts organizations. Among the more famous Kyokushin yudansha (black belt) are Sean Connery (Honorary Shodan), Dolph Lundgren (sandan, former Australian heavyweight champion) and President Nelson Mandela from South Africa (Honorary hachidan), and more recently (June 1988) the Australian Prime Minister John Howard (Honorary Godan), who became the touch at the official opening of the Sydney Kyokushin Dojo.
Unfortunately Sosai Mas Oyama died, and Akiyoshi Matsui will be responsible for the organization. This has many political and economic implications in the entire Kyokushin world that still needed to be solved. In the end, the result may also be a fragmentation of the Kyokushin, similar to Shotokan seems to have now, whereby each group claim to be the one-and-only true heritage of Mas Oyama's Kyokushin, either mentally or even financially. It was even suggested not quite in jest, by a Kyokushin writer in Australia (Harry Rogers) that perhaps created the turmoil on Oyama purpose because he did not want to survive Kyokushin without it! However, it is fairly certain that all Kyokushin groups, regardless of their belonging ultimate, still maintain the standards set by Mas Oyama.
Perhaps a Kyokushin diaspora will be a good thing, as in all good families, some of the children may not leave the house and start their own families. Some of the splinter groups can remain faithful to the Kyokushin principles such as Hanshi Steve Arneil in the UK has been in 1991. Many others, such as Shigeru Oyama in the US, have continued to take the development of their own style based on Kyokushin.
Mas Oyama's brief history
July 27, 1923, born in South Korea.
Learn Chinese Fist of Chakuriki in the land of Manchuria. He was 9 years old.
1938 is among students of the Master Funakoshi Shotokan Karate.
1946 occurs the mountain for the training.
1947 will be the champion of All Japan karate-do tournament.
He studied Goju-Ryu Karate extensively under Master Gogen Yamaguchi, and becomes vice chairman in the organization, operating 9. Dan Grade.
In 1948, the mountain occurred alone for 18 months of training.
1950 begins to live with the training against the bulls, living next to the cattle butcher. Of the 47 cops, 4 killed in instant.
1952 Visit America for karate instructions and demonstrations in 32 locations. Has 7 times the real matches.
1953 Visits America, he fights against a bull in Chicago, where he breaks his horn from Shuto strike (knife hand).
1955 goes around South America and Europe with Bepford Davy, President of the Chrysler Corp. He fights numerous mix hits.
1956, begins Oyama Dojo small at an old ballet hall.
1957, fights against a bull in Mexico City.
1958 January, published: "What is Karate", which becomes a bestseller of 500,000 copies.
September, invited by FBI in Washington DC Karate Instructions and Demonstrations.
October, from West Point military academy for karate instructions and demonstrations.
1964, challenges Thai Boxing Karate-do, where Oyama Dojo accepts alone. 3 games 2 wins.
In 1971, although a popular comic series "Karate Baka Ichidai", and the film "World's Strongest Karate" in 1975, his name and the Kyokushin are known throughout Japan.
1975, handheld Kyokushin Kai's First World Karate-do Open Tournament.
26 April 1994. Lung cancer dies at the age of 70 years.
In addition to the above, he also explores and fighing real matches elsewhere against other martial arts venues around the world. Kyokushin Karate as the largest organization, he has counted 12 million students in 140 nations worldwide. He is also noted for the start of the Full-Contact, Bare Knuckle tournament system.
After the death of Sosai Oyama, Shihan Royama supported Shihan Matsui (IKO-I) and remained to be the branch chief of his hometown Saitama Prefecture. He becomes Executive Advisor of the IKO Kyokushin Kai Kan and curator of Japan and the Russian region in IKO International Committee.
In 2002, according to the will of Sosai Oyama, Kancho Hatuo Royama together with Dr. Yoshiharu Umeda again established the Kyokushin Shogakukai Foundation, Kyokushin Kan-International. He was placed Kancho Hatsuo Royama as Chairman and Tsuyoshi Shihan Hiroshige as the deputy chairman.